Skip to main content

KURDISH “INDEPENDENCE REFERENDUM” DOES NOT MEAN REAL INDEPENDENCE?


Kurdish "Independence Referendum" Does Not Mean Real Independence?
FILE IMAGE: Reuters
During a meeting between Kurdish officials chaired by Massoud Barzani, President of the Kurdistan Region, the date of the independence referendum of the Iraqi Kurdistan was set on September 25. According to Kurdish officials, the referendum will be held in three Iraqi provinces that include parts of Kurdistan along with other “Kurdish areas” in Iraq, including Kirkuk city, the towns of Makhmour, Khanaqin and Sinjar.
Hoshyar Zebari, a high-ranking official in Kurdistan, said that the vote “yes” does not necessarily mean independence. Zebari added that the aim of the referendum is to obtain a better deal to determine the fate of the Kurdish region after the elimination of ISIS in Iraq.
Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi said that the referendum at the moment is not in the interest of the Kurds nor Iraq.
Abadi said last April: “The desire of our Kurdish brothers to establish their state is a right for them … and no one has the right to dissuade them from doing so ” and added, ” But holding a referendum at this time is not right, because the war is still going on, the situation in the region is not stable, and some neighboring countries believe that this step represents a threat to its national security.”
Turkish Prime Minister Ben Ali Yildirm on Friday described the plan of Iraqi Kurds to hold a referendum on independence as “irresponsible,” adding that “the region has enough problems.” Yildirim also said that “Turkey wants all Iraqis to live together as one nation and adding another problem to the region is not right.”
Syria, Iran and the United States also oppose the full independence of the Kurds in Iraq. Moreover, it is believed that Kurdistan is difficult to survive as a country that doesn’t have a sea root and has no good relations with the surrounding countries, as well as, a large part of the Kurdistan region’s expenses are from the Iraqi general budget.

Comments

Popular posts from this blog

Why States Still Use Barrel Bombs

Smoke ascends after a Syrian military helicopter allegedly dropped a barrel bomb over the city of Daraya on Jan. 31.(FADI DIRANI/AFP/Getty Images)

Summary
Barrel bombs are not especially effective weapons. They are often poorly constructed; they fail to detonate more often than other devices constructed for a similar purpose; and their lack of precision means they can have a disproportionate effect on civilian populations.

However, combatants continue to use barrel bombs in conflicts, including in recent and ongoing conflicts in Africa and the Middle East, and they are ideally suited to the requirements of resource-poor states.

Analysis


Barrel bombs are improvised devices that contain explosive filling and shrapnel packed into a container, often in a cylindrical shape such as a barrel. The devices continue to be dropped on towns all over Syria. Indeed, there have been several documented cases of their use in Iraq over the past months, and residents of the city of Mosul, which was recently …

Russia Looks East for New Oil Markets

Click to Enlarge


In the final years of the Soviet Union, Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev began orienting his foreign policy toward Asia in response to a rising Japan. Putin has also piloted a much-touted pivot to Asia, coinciding with renewed U.S. interest in the area. A good expression of intent was Russia's hosting of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation summit in 2012 in Vladivostok, near Russia's borders with China and North Korea. Although its efforts in Asia have been limited by more direct interests in Russia's periphery and in Europe, Moscow recently has been able to look more to the east.

Part of this renewed interest involves finding new export markets for Russian hydrocarbons. Russia's economy relies on energy exports, particularly crude oil and natural gas exported via pipeline to the West. However, Western Europe is diversifying its energy sources as new supplies come online out of a desire to reduce its dependence on Russian energy supplies.

This has forced…

In Yemen, a Rebel Advance Could Topple the Regime

Shia loyal to the al-Houthi movement ride past Yemeni soldiers near Yaz, Yemen, in May. (MOHAMMED HUWAIS/AFP/Getty Images)

Summary


The success of a rebel campaign in northern Yemen is threatening to destabilize the already weak and overwhelmed government in Sanaa. After capturing the city of Amran, a mere 50 kilometers (30 miles) from the capital, in early July, the rebels from the al-Houthi tribe are in their strongest position yet. The Yemeni government is developing plans to divide the country into six federal regions, and the rebels believe this is their chance to claim territory for the future bargaining.

The central government is nearly powerless to fend off the rebels; its forces are already stretched thin. Neighboring Saudi Arabia has intervened in Yemen before and still supports Sunni tribes in the north, but the risk of inciting a Shiite backlash or creating space for jihadists to move in could deter another intervention.

Analysis


Followers of Zaidi Islam, a branch of Shiism, rul…